What is Balanitis?
We refer to male Balanitis, which is an inflammation of the glans (the head) of the penis. Posthitis is inflammation of the foreskin. The foreskin or prepuce is the loose skin that covers the head of the penis if the male has not been circumcised (intact). Balanoposthitis is when both the glans and the foreskin are inflamed.
Balanitis can occur at any age, but is more likely to affect boys under four years of age, as well as adult males who are intact. It is a very common condition, affecting approximately 1 in every 25 boys and 1 in 30 intact males (at some stage in their life). Balanitis is considered rare among circumcised adult males.
Balanitis can have both infectious and non-infectious causes. It is more common in patients with phimosis (tight foreskin). It is reported in the peer reviewed medical journals that patients with mellitus (Type 1) are more susceptible to developing balanitis.
Chronic (long-term, recurring) balanoposthitis increases the risk of developing balanitis xerotica obliterans (chronic dermatitis, most often involving the glans and foreskin), phimosis (tight foreskin), paraphimosis (when the foreskin is retracted it cannot return to its original location), and penile cancer.
What are the symptoms and signs of balanitis?
A symptom is something felt (pain, nausea, itch) and a sign is something that can be observed (skin colour, pulse rate, discharge etc.). Signs and symptoms of balanitis may include:
- The area around the glans (head of the penis) is red
- Inflammation of the glans
- Soreness of the glans
- Irritation of the glans
- Under the foreskin there may be a lumpy, thick discharge
- Itchiness around the glans area
- An unpleasant smell
- Phimosis – the foreskin is tight and does not retract (can’t pull it back)
- Painful urination
- The soreness, irritation and discharge under the foreskin typically occurs two to three days after sexual intercourse
Be aware that some of the signs and symptoms of balanitis are similar to those of some STIs (sexually transmitted infections) or thrush.
What are the causes of balanitis?
The causes of Balanitis are many and varied for example it can be a symptom of the skin conditions such as:
- Lichen planus – a skin disease with small, itchy, pink or purple spots on the arms or legs.
- Eczema – A chronic (long-term) skin condition, in which the skin becomes itchy, reddened, cracked and dry.
- Dermatitis – inflammation of the skin that is caused either by direct contact with an irritant, or an allergic reaction. Eczema is known as eczematous dermatitis. Other types are called non-eczematous dermatitis.
- Psoriasis – a dry, scaly skin disorder; believed to be genetic. It is caused by the immune system being mistakenly “triggered”, resulting in skin cells being produced too quickly.
Irritation to the penis – irritation of the skin of the glans may be caused by:
- Some chemicals that exist in condoms, lubricants (not in Novoglan Hypo-Allergenic Personal Lubricant) and spermicides
- Some detergents (washing powders) if not completely rinsed
- Some fabric conditioners if not completely rinsed
- Some perfumed soaps
- Some shower gels
Infection – germs naturally exist on the surface of the skin and do not generally cause any problems when in balance, however, they may multiply rapidly. There are two types of infection that can cause balanitis:
- Candida – this is a type fungus. The one that causes thrush.
- Bacteria – which may multiply rapidly in the moist and warm conditions under the foreskin. Washing daily and drying the penis carefully so no moisture remains under the foreskin helps reduce the risk. However, excessive genital washing with ordinary soap may be a strong contributing factor to balanitis.
Diabetes – males with diabetes are more susceptible to infections, especially if the blood sugar is poorly controlled. If glucose is present in urine, some of it may remain on the foreskin. Glucose helps bacteria to multiply more quickly.
Phimosis – a tight foreskin and it is very difficult or impossible to retract it (pull it back) fully over the glans. Old sweat, urine and other substances may accumulate under the foreskin, causing irritation and allowing germs to multiply. Phimosis affects between 1 and 5% of adult males. Novoglan Gentle Foreskin Stretcher and Novoglan Cream can treat Phimosis effectively. All Novoglan Products can be purchased via http://store.platigosolutions.com
Unprotected sex – if a woman has vaginal thrush, then the male partner may become infected, increasing the risk of developing balanitis. Genital Herpes, Chlamydia and Syphilis may also cause balanitis. If Genital Herpes, Chlamydia or syphilis are suspected, see you doctor for treatment.
Uncomplicated Balanitis is fairly easy to diagnose. A GP (general practitioner, primary care physician) can make a diagnosis by detecting the redness and inflammation of the glans. The doctor may initially advise the patient on potential irritants (and to avoid them) and the practice of good hygiene. The doctor should ask teenage and adult patients about any latex condom use.
The doctor should also carefully examine the skin for any dermatosis (skin disease) capable of genital involvement.
If the balanitis does not resolve after avoiding potential irritants, the practice of good hygiene, or treatment for a yeast infection such as Novoglan 7 Day Treatment, the doctor may order some diagnostic tests, which may include:
- A sample – a swab is taken from the glans and sent to the lab to determine whether there is an infection.
- Urine test – if diabetes is suspected.
- Blood test – to determine glucose levels.
- Biopsy (rare) – a sample of the inflamed skin is taken and sent to the lab.
In some countries where seeing a Doctor is difficult, the usual practice is to try an antifungal treatment that is formulated for the sensitive skin of the penis and foreskin for 7 days. If that successfully treats the condition, it is almost certainly a fungal infection. If the problem still exists then patients seek further medical advice to rule out other conditions or causes.
What are the treatment options for balanitis?
Treatment for balanitis depends on the cause. In most cases the doctor will advise on what substances to avoid, and give the patient information on hygiene.
Allergic reaction – if the inflammation is thought to be caused by an allergic reaction or some irritant the doctor may recommend Novoglan Cream or prescribe a mild steroid cream, such as 1% hydrocortisone, for the swelling. An antifungal or antibiotic treatment like Novoglan Cream and Soap or medication may also be prescribed. If there is an infection the patient should not use a steroid cream on its own. All soaps and other potential irritants should be avoided during treatment, and until signs and symptoms have completely gone.
Candida (yeast infection) – the doctor will recommend an antifungal cream like Novoglan, or prescribe products like clotrimazole or miconazole. The patient’s sex partner should also be treated. While treatment is underway he should either abstain from sex or use a condom.
Bacterial infection – the patient will be prescribed an antibiotic, such as erythromycin or penicillin.
If a trial of a treatment like Novoglan is tried but symptoms persist, the GP determines that there is no infection and no irritant has been identified, the patient may be referred to a dermatologist (a doctor specialized in skin conditions), or a genitor-urinary clinic.
Phimosis and recurrence – if the patient has a tight foreskin and the balanitis keeps coming back, the doctor might suggest the use of the Novoglan Gentle Foreskin Stretcher or for more radical action – circumcision.
What is – Novoglan?
Novoglan is manufactured and distributed by Platigo Solutions of Australia. Novoglan products are specifically designed and developed for conditions of the penis and foreskin. Novoglan products are made in Australia under strict quality control and regulations. the products are sold online for maximum personal discretion and privacy. Novoglan Products are shipped all over the world using very discreet packaging and no product information or logos etc. are on the shipper package at all.
So how does the Novoglan Treatment Kit for Penis and Foreskin Problems work?:
Novoglan Soap – Use the Novoglan Low Irritant Soap on and around the penis and or foreskin for two days – this will settle down the inflammation and kill microbes that may be aggravating your problem. If you suspect your old soap is the cause of your problem, jump to Step 2 first and then trial Step 1, once the inflammations gone. Most people find the Novoglan Soap to be gentle but effective in preventing recurrence of thrush.
Novoglan Cream – Use the Novoglan cream twice daily to reduce the inflammation, moisturise the region, reduce the soreness, and generally start dampening down the inflammation very quickly. Use for 7 days. Should conditions persist see your Doctor ASAP.
Novoglan Personal Lubricant – Use this Hypoallergenic Formulation whenever engaging in sexual activity to significantly reduce the risk of recurrence and maintain the moisture levels in the region of the penis and foreskin. This step must never be underestimated, if you want to reduce the risk of recurrence. Ordinary lubricant can make the problem return.
After 3 to 7 days your penis and foreskin will be back to normal in most cases and you can continue to use the soap, cream and lubricant either on a daily basis or as needed.
The Novoglan Formulation:
Novoglan Soap, Cream and Lubricant has been scientifically formulated to be very gentle on the sensitive tissues of the penis and foreskin. The active ingredient in the cream and soap is Organic Neem Oil that has been carefully and meticulously isolated and reformulated to reduce inflammation, kill microbes and moisturise these highly specialized tissues. The concentration and formulation is critical to the success of these products and is based on years of research and development by Australian University Trained PhD Medical Scientists.
The Personal Lubricant is made to the highest quality hypoallergenic formulation and is filtered no less than 3 times to remove fine particulate that other products often leave in place, and the ingredients have been specifically chosen for their ability to lubricate without causing irritation. There is no substitute for high quality hypo-allergenic Novoglan Personal Lubricant.
The Novoglan Penis and Foreskin Product Treatment set is sold as a kit of three products (Cream, Soap & Lubricant) and shipping is free to all countries. Shipping is via our Premium First Class Fully Trackable Service and is shipped overnight as per our shipping terms and conditions>
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To Purchase the Novoglan Penis and Foreskin Treatment Set including the Novoglan Soap, Cream and Lubricant, and free shipping select the pay pal button here for the one price of only $USD 99 only. No more to pay. This is a complete treatment and maintenance program in one fixed priced including shipping.
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Prevention of balanitis
In order to prevent infections, the head of the penis (glans) and foreskin should be kept clean and dry. Daily washing, with particular attention to cleaning the penis is essential with Novoglan Soap.
- The foreskin should be retracted (pulled back) so that the glans is exposed.
- The area should be washed thoroughly and gently with warm water. Either avoid ordinary soap as it may irritate – try Novoglan Soap instead.
- An aqueous cream, like Novoglan Cream or some other neutral non soap cleanser may be used – but it should be completely rinsed off.
- Before replacing the foreskin the glans should be completely dry.
- Men who tend to develop balanitis after sex should wash their penis after sex.
Avoid irritants – if you think your symptoms are linked to substances present in condoms or lubricants, try using a condom for sensitive skin and use a personal lubricant like Novoglan Personal Lubricant, designed for maximum lubrication and minimal friction. Use non-biological washing powder for your underwear and make sure all the detergent is rinsed out. If you work with chemicals or have traces of potential irritants in your hands, wash them before using the toilet.